If you wish to embark on a construction project in the Philippines, there are some steps that you would have to go through, such as obtaining a building permit. This important document will ensure your proposed plan fits within the national building codes and city ordinances.
Nevertheless, the building permit cost in the Philippines differs considerably with respect to location, size, and project complexity, among other things.
This blog post will detail the complexities of obtaining a building permit within an island and shed light on the financial implications involved. However, when it comes to building a small or big house, understanding the subtleties of such costs is necessary to draw the right budget with no monetary shocks.
Requirements for Getting a Building Permit In the Philippines
Do you know that in the Philippines, the requirements for a building permit also depend on which municipality or city you want to build in. However, the following are some of the most common requirements:
- Completed building permit application form
- Drawings and specifications of the proposed construction or remodeling as prepared by a licensed
- architect and professional engineer.
- Document showing a clear right of ownership over the piece of property, for instance, a (TCT) or (OCT).
- Tax declaration
- Latest real property tax receipt
- Environmental clearance (if required)
- Locational clearance (if required)
- Fire clearance (if required)
- Other necessary papers in accordance with a particular project (structural design analysis, boring & plate load, seismic analysis, etc).
Additional requirements for residential building permits in the Philippines:
- Homeowner’s Clearance for Business (if operating in subdivision)
- Barangay Clearance for Business
- DTI/SEC Registration
- SSS Clearance
What is the Residential building permit cost in the philippines?
The cost of a residential building permit in the Philippines can vary greatly depending on several factors, including:
Location: Fees are set by local government units (LGUs), so costs can differ significantly between cities, municipalities, and barangays. Generally, expect higher costs in Metro Manila and other major cities compared to rural areas.
Project size: The size of your planned building greatly impacts the permit fee. Larger buildings with more floors and square footage will typically incur higher costs.
Project complexity: Simple residential structures like bungalows will be cheaper than complex designs with multiple floors, intricate features, or specialized needs.
Additional permits: If your project requires additional permits like electrical or plumbing permits, these will add to the overall cost.
Rough estimate of what you might expect in Philippines residential building permit cost
Small bungalow (~30 sqm): PhP15,000 – PhP25,000
Medium-sized house (~100 sqm): PhP25,000 – PhP50,000
Large house (~200 sqm): PhP50,000 – PhP100,000 or more
Building permits are necessary for any construction project in the Philippines. You may face penalties without a valid building permit. however, to get a building permit in the Philippines, you will need to follow these steps:
- 1. Prepare the required documents: The specific requirements may vary depending on the municipality or city where you are building, but they typically include:
2. Submit all the necessary documents to the building official’s office (OBO): or you can equally use the e-portal to get the documents and submit them.
3. Pay the building permit fee: The building permit fee is calculated based on the costs involved in the construction or renovations.
4. wait until the OBO considers your request: It will also depend on the specific city or municipality involved, which determines this period of processing permits for building.
5. After approval of your application, you will get your building permit.
Importance of Getting a Building Permit
Getting a building permit in the Philippines is important for several reasons, including:
The issuance of building permits ensures that construction projects follow set requirements, including safety standards and building codes. It ensures safety for occupants, workers, and the general public. The National Building Code of the Philippines (PD 1096) is the primary law that applies in the Philippines to stipulate the minimum requirements for safe building constructions. The code was developed to ensure that buildings are habitable, fit for the workplace, and do not easily collapse during natural hazards.
Several insurance firms demand homeowners to obtain building warrants when undertaking certain construction works. Insurance companies are also less likely to settle claims since it may be found to have resulted from poor safety practices and, thus, would not be compensated.
The Insurance Code of the Philippines (RA 10607) stipulates that insurance firms must compensate for damages resulting from catastrophic occurrences like earthquakes, typhoons, or floods in the Philippines. Nonetheless, insurance companies will not cover the losses if the building collapses is as a result of unsafe construction and non-compliance.
Permits for building ensure that a project complies with all existing zoning laws and requirements. It also ensures that unattractive or dangerous buildings are not erected in society, thereby preserving the reputation and integrity of the community.
The Local Government Code (RA 7160) in the Philippines empowers local governments’ capacity to control land use and zoning. Such powers entail that different local authorities provide building codes that they expect builders to abide by if they want their constructions approved.
Additionally, building permits can add value to your home. This is so because those interested in buying such a property will know that it has been inspected and certified by the respective local Building Department. One study by the Philippine Institute of Real Estate Management showed that buildings that have been issued with building permits cost, on average, 10% higher prices than those that are not permitted.
In addition to these general benefits, getting a building permit in the Philippines can also provide the following specific advantages:
Access to professional expertise:
The LGU personnel who could help you know is the building inspector from a local government unit. Such measures may assist you in identifying any probable issues as well as ensuring the smooth and correct execution of your work.
Peace of mind:
Knowing that the local government unit has already approved your construction project would be a relief for you. Therefore, your project is guaranteed to be safe regarding compliance; you also won’t worry about insurance issues and your property value in the future.
Does House Renovation Need a Building Permit in the Philippines?
Yes, house renovation in the Philippines needs a building permit. This is required by the National Building Code of the Philippines (PD 1096), which states that any alteration or repair to a building or structure that affects the structural integrity, fire safety, or health and safety of the occupants requires a building permit.
Here are some examples of house renovations that may require a building permit:
- Adding a new room or story to a house
- Expanding the square footage of a house
- Removing or altering load-bearing walls
- Replacing the roof
- Installing a new electrical or plumbing system
- Adding a swimming pool or deck
- Making any changes to the exterior of a house that affect the structural integrity or appearance
Occupancy Permit Cost Philippines
In the Philippines, the price of an occupancy permit may differ based on the area of your building, the municipal council’s policy, and the specific purpose of the building/structure. However, the following are some general guidelines:
|1,000 to 5,000
|500 to 1,000
|10,000 to 50,000
Exemption Building Permit Philippines
The following are exempt from building permits in the Philippines:
- Public buildings
- Traditional indigenous family dwellings (with a total cost of not more than P15,000)
- Minor constructions and repairs, provided they do not violate any provision of the National Building Code (PD 1096) and its Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR)
- Movable cases, racks, counters, and partitions, not over 5 feet 9 inches
- Painting, papering, tiling, carpeting, countertops, and similar finish work
- Repair or replacement in kind of any switch, receptacle, contactor, control device, or other utilization equipment, rated at 60 amperes or less, provided it is not part of a service disconnect
- Replacement in kind of any circuit breaker other than a service disconnect, rated at 125 amperes or less, or any fuse
How to compute building permit fees in the Philippines
The calculation of building permit fees in the Philippines is based on the following factors:
- Character of occupancy or use of building/structure
- Cost of construction
- Floor area
The specific fees for each of these factors are set by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) and are published in the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the National Building Code of the Philippines (PD 1096).
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to compute building permit fees in the Philippines:
Determine the character of occupancy or use of the building/structure. This will be based on the following categories:
- Residential – Buildings or structures intended for human habitation.
- Commercial – Buildings or structures intended for the sale of goods or services.
- Industrial – Buildings or structures intended for the manufacture or processing of goods.
- Institutional – Buildings or structures intended for educational, religious, or charitable purposes.
Determine the cost of construction. This is the estimated total cost of constructing the building/structure, including the cost of materials, labour, and equipment.
Determine the floor area. This is the total area of all floors of the building/structure, including balconies, patios, and other open spaces.
Determine the height. This is the height of the building/structure from the ground to the highest point of the roof.
Refer to the IRR of PD 1096 to find the fees for the above factors. The fees are based on tables that consider the character of occupancy or use, cost of construction, floor area, and height.
Add up the fees for each factor to get the total building permit fee.
Here is an example of how to compute building permit fees for a two-story residential building with a floor area of 100 square meters and a cost of construction of P2,000,000:
- Character of occupancy or use: Residential
- Cost of construction: P2,000,000
- Floor area: 100 square meters
- Height: Two stories
According to the IRR of PD 1096, the fees for these factors are as follows:
- Character of occupancy or use: Residential – P200 per square meter
- Cost of construction: P2,000,000 – P200 per square meter
- Floor area: 100 square meters – P20,000
- Height: Two stories – P10,000
Therefore, the total building permit fee for this building would be P50,000.
What is the minimum ceiling height required for the seventh floor of a naturally ventilated building in the Philippines?
The minimum ceiling height required for the seventh floor of a naturally ventilated building in the Philippines is 2.70 meters (approximately 8 feet 10 inches).
This requirement is specified in the National Building Code of the Philippines (PD 1096), which sets standards for the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings in the country.
Final thought 💭
Within this blog post I have talked extensively on the fees, costs and some steps that should be followed to ensure your building project is never delayed or paused half way.. go back to it take a book and take down some points you might need later .. do not forget to drop your questions below 👇..